Atopic Dermatitis/ Eczema

Eczema is a skin problem that causes dry, itchy, scaly, and red skin. 

It can affect infants, children, and adults.

 

Symptoms

  • Intense itching of the skin, 

  • patches of redness, 

  • small bumps, and 

  • dry skin and flaking.

There is no specific test used to diagnose eczema. 

The diagnosis is usually based on your medical history, symptoms, and physical examination.

Treatment

Eczema is not curable, although it is possible to control your symptoms with a variety of self-care measures and medications. 

Dr. Offengenden will review your triggers, offer appropriate testing and tailor your treatment that may include:

  • Eliminating triggers that aggravate your eczema. 

  • Keeping your skin hydrated, creams and bathing, including bleach baths and wet wrap therapy

  • Topical medications: Corticosteroids, Tacrolimus, Pimecrolimus and Phosphodiesterase inhibitors

  • Biologic and other medications

Lifestyle and home remedies

  • Moisturize your skin at least twice a day. 

  • Take an oral allergy or anti-itch medication, usually for sedation to improve sleeping at night, limited help with itching. 

  • Don't scratch. Rather than scratching when you itch, try pressing on the skin. Cover the itchy area if you can't keep from scratching it. For children, it might help to trim their nails and have them wear gloves at night.

  • Take a warm bath. Soak for 10 to 15 minutes, then pat dry. Apply moisturizer while the skin is still damp.

  • Choose mild soaps without dyes or perfumes. 

  • Use a humidifier. 

  • Wear cool, smooth-textured clothing. Also, wear appropriate clothing in hot weather or during exercise to prevent excessive sweating.

  • Treat stress and anxiety. Stress and other emotional disorders can worsen atopic dermatitis.